There might be nothing new – so they sey. However, something new was just discovered deep in the ocean.
The Mariana Trench, at the western pacific, near Guam, is the deepest stretch of ocean on Earth. These waters are cryptic and hard to research, but so far scientists understand the depths are home into amphipods and other crustaceans, sea cucumbers, jellyfish, and tiny one-celled organisms known as foraminifera.
Now, we know the deepest waters are also home to the Mariana snailfish. This two-inch-long, translucent, scaleless fish has only won the crown for most intrepid sea traveler among the fishes, swimming deeper than 26,600 ft. Officially known as pseudoliparis swirei, the snailfish was introduced into the world in the journal Zootaxa on Nov. 28.
Human divers cannot go where Mariana snailfish swim, but a global research group did sink traps and cameras deep in to the difficult-to-reach and rarely-studied area over three decades. The traps took four hours to descend from the ocean’s surface to where this snailfish swims. When the traps were raised, they held healthful, well-fed snailfish. The camera footage had captured their heavy sea activities.
Likens it to “an elephant standing on your own thumb.” Nevertheless the deceptively unimpressive Mariana Snailfish not only figure out how to endure the strain, but also resides nicely at these apparently inhospitable depths. That is because there aren’t many predators and a lot of prey, researchers say. The Mariana snailfish eat tiny crustaceans that have caught in the trenches they navigate.
“We think about this as a harsh environment because it is intense for us, additional research in these depths can yield much more weird discoveries. “There are a whole lot of surprises waiting,” Gerringer said.
There are about 400 species of snailfish residing at different depths – ranging in duration from 2 to 30 inches. Many snailfish, such as the Mariana, occupy very tiny areas of the ocean. However, the Mariana snailfish is unlike all of those previously known–not simply because of its particularly profound home, but as a result of its own distinctive physiology and structure.
The Mariana includes a combo of dorsal and anal fins not located in any other snailfish species. Now, the investigators have just reported observations about the species’ existence, and have not suggested reasons for all these bodily distinctions.
After taking measurements and DNA samples in the animals, the research team decided they had indeed found a new species. They then called it: The Mariana Snailfish, which takes its name from its local waters needless to say, the Mariana Trench. Sailor using a similar spirit, Herbert Swire, that sailed the deepest uncharted seas and discovered the Mariana Trench, also referred to as Swire Deep, in 1875.