The first birth as a consequence of a womb transplant in the United States has occurred in Texas, a landmark for the U.S. but one attained several years ago in Sweden.
The hospital didn’t recognize the girl, citing her solitude.
Baylor has had a research underway for many years to register up to 10 women for uterus transplant. In October 2016, the hospital said four girls had received transplant but that three of those wombs had to be removed because of poor blood circulation.
The hospital could provide no additional info on how many transplants have been performed since then. Time magazine, which first reported the U.S. baby’s birth, says eight have been done in all, and that another girl is presently pregnant because of this.
A news conference was scheduled Monday to discuss the Dallas baby’s birth.
A physician in Sweden, Mats Brannstrom, is the first in the world to provide a baby as a result of a uterus transplant. As of last year, he’d delivered five babies from girls with donated wombs.
There have been at least 16 uterus transplants worldwide, including one in Cleveland from a deceased donor that had to be removed due to complications. Last month, Penn Medicine at Philadelphia announced that it also would begin offering womb transplants.
Womb donors may be alive or dead, and the Baylor research aims to use some of them. The first four cases involved “altruistic” donors — unknown and unrelated to the recipients. Those performed in Sweden have been from live donors, mostly from the recipients’ mother or a husband.
To be qualified for the Baylor study, women need to be 20 to 35 years old and have healthy, regular contractions. They will first have in vitro fertilization to recover and fertilize their eggs and produce embryos which can be frozen until they are ready to attempt pregnancy.
A baby caused by a breast transplant could be delivered by cesarean section. The wombs aren’t meant to be permanent. Having one means that the woman must take powerful drugs to prevent organ rejection, and the medication pose long-term health risks, so the uterus would be removed after one or two successful pregnancies.
For women born without a functioning uterus, “transplantation represents the only way they can take a pregnancy,” the announcement said.